Dalmatia a great spot on the Adriatic

Dalmatia is a geographical and historical region on the East Coast of the Adriatic Sea in the south of Croatia, extending from the island of Rab in the North to the Bay of Kotor in the south and is bordered to the East and Northeast by Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The main cities are Split, Zadar and Dubrovnik, and the name is derived from the early inhabitants called Delmati or Dalmatians from the first Century, this native tribe traces back to the Illyrians.

The island of Lavsa is in the National Park of Kornati and the population is concentrated along the Dalmatian coast, where almost all major cities are located, and the interior is sparsely populated.

The economic backwardness of Dalmatia, has long seen people emigrate and a large portion of the Croatian diaspora abroad have their roots from here, Emigrants from the late 19th Century and early 20th Century, chose the following countries as preferential destinations, North America, South America, notably Chile and Argentina, Australia and New Zealand.

In the second half of the 20th Century there was a change in focus to different countries of the choices accepted by the inhabitants of Dalmatia choosing to be guest workers to Germany, Austria and Switzerland instead. The majority ethnic population are by far the Croats, and the most numerous minority are Serbs, who were responsible for the war from 1990-1995, in one part of the hinterland of Northern Dalmatia, around the town of Knin where they were the majority population.

During the conquest of the territory by the Croatian army, most Serbs fled but over the last few years a small number have returned.

In Zadar, there is a small Italian minority, being the former Italian population of Dalmatia, some of the people returned to Italy after the Second World War, or moved to other countries.

The village of Arbanasi was formerly an independent village, but is now a suburb of Zadar, dating back to the time of the Albanians, who were settled there as refugees in the Venetian era, and today their descendants are largely assimilated into the culture and population. There is also a period in time that saw the Yugoslav immigrant groups of Bosnians, Albanians and Mazedoniern Altertum moving.